As reported previously, we are engaged in a pilot project to replace the 28 fishing boats of our home barangay of Guinob-an, which were lost in the storm. We have ordered the first five and building will start in the next day or two. Meanwhile, although helping the fishermen of Guinob-an helps our family and village — there were 12,000 barangays badly affected by the storm, so the problem of getting fishermen back to the sea is enormous when looked at on a macro scale.
In this earlier post I went through in detail the process of building a boat, and the costs. You can see the complete breakdown on that earlier post, but here’s a quick round figure summary:
- P4,000 for the Onayan assembly including the onayan (dugout hull), legason (vertical ribs), battayola (horizontal ribs), and pamarong (prow).
- P4,600 for materials including marine plywood, bronze nails, epoxy, alcohol (to mix with epoxy), and paint.
- P9,000 for a Number 5 Engine
- P3,200 for propeller-rudder assembly
- P4,000 for labor at market rates
- Outriggers, oars, etc are labor only.
So all in, paying regular labor rates, P25,000 is what it costs — in US Dollars, that’s $600 to get a fisherman back on the water earning his livelihood.
The two areas where a savings can be made are the cost of the onayan and the labor costs — both of which are actually mostly labor costs since the onayan is “harvested” from the forest and payment goes to the team who goes in and harvests it. There are some replacement boat projects that are trying to get it done with no labor costs — just material costs. And a case can be made for that. On the other hand, payments made for boatbuilding labor have a multiplier effect within the community as the money is spent ad re-spent locally in the affected community, and thus there is an added benefit, beyond getting fishermen back on the water, if labor payments are paid. It also provides a much greater measure of manufacturing control and so our inclination is to pay for the labor, perhaps at a modestly discounted rate — but not for free.
What About Fiberglass Bancas
As the foregoing suggests — traditional bancas (and I’m using the word banca generically — in Samar, “baloto” and “binigiw” are traditional terms for fishing boats and nowadays they call motorized fishing boats by the name “motor”) are made from a harvested tree hull, marine plywood, epoxy, bronze nails, paint, and an engine/propeller assembly.
What about fiberglass?
Facebook pal Blueboy Hagonoys visited a fiberglass banca factory in Bulacan, near Manila, and took pictures:
According to Blueboys, these cost P25,000 and I’m pretty sure that’s without the motor. If by any chance that’s the price with the motor, then it seems almost like a no-brainer that moving from wood to fiberglass would be the way to go. If the motor is separate — then the cost comparison would be, by my reckoning, 25,000 for the traditional motorized banca and 35,000 for a fiberglass model. Advantages to the fiberglass version are obvious but I’ll state them: first, you don’t kill trees to make it, and second, it lasts longer. There’s a reason they’ve been making small boats with fiberglass in the US since forever ….
Now there are still many unknowns in the equation. Do the fiberglass bancas perform in a way that suits the fishermen? Are there other factors that come into play and might cause these boats to be less attractive? We will need to explore that further.
There is also the question of whether the idea would be to contract with one or more factories like this who are already doing it — or, given the scope of the problem caused by Typhoon Haiyan, look into getting an outfit like this to set up a satellite operation in Samar, or even crating such a capability from the ground up.
What About A Fiberglass Boat Factory in Samar?
What, exactly is needed, to build fiberglass bancas?
You need a mold, for sure. I’m assuming you could buy a mold from someone who’s already created one, or you could create one.
Here is a video showing fiberglass boat building in India
Here’s a video showing artisan fiberglass canoe construction
And here is a WikiHow – How to Fiberglass. It’s not a boat, but it shows the simplicity of the basic process:
And here is a WikiHow — How to Fiberglass a Boat
From EHow — How to Build a Fiberglass Canoe
Much to think about …. any fiberglass boat builders who can shed some light and help with the learning curve, please come forward.